About the Journal :
Journal of Arabic Language for Specialized Research is published quarterly by the Scientific Institute for Advanced Training and Studies , it is devoted to the publishing of researches concerning sciences and arts of Arabic language such as Grammar, rhetoric, metrics, prose and poetry, phonetics, modern linguistics, dialects, Arabic calligraphy, Arabization, and literary critical stylistic studies.
The journal is a research platform for scholars, teachers, and students to enrich the Arabic Library with further sound researches and precise studies for the purpose of unveiling the secrets of this language which is regarded as a miracle on its own through the Quranic text that remains a great challenge to all languages’ texts. However, the research efforts made on Arabic language and its relevant sciences as well as the unveiling of its beauty in the past and present are merely attempts to reveal the secret of its essence to persuade linguists and litterateurs of the reasons why Allah, the creator of all languages, has chosen Arabic to be the last language for his messenger Mohamed (Peace and Blessings Be Upon Him) and his miraculous immortal book till doomsday.
This research aims at studying linguistic argumentation, the standardization and the derivation of Arabic grammatical rules based on four criteria: listening (from the Quran, Hadith, poetry and prose), al-Ijmaa (unanimous agreement of scholars), al-Qiyaas (reasoning by analogy) and al-Istishaab (the idea of an implied connection between a present and a previous one). Linguistic argumentation is defined as the study of the fundamentals of Arabic grammar by ancient grammarians. In a quest to analyze these criteria, the researcher focuses on the definition of each criterion with the varying points of agreement and disagreement among the various grammarians. To achieve this, the researcher employs two methodologies; rooting and analytical methodology. The rooting methodology explains how the ancient grammarians deduced Arabic grammatical rules using these four criteria while the analytical methodology analyzes some grammatical issues. In deducing the rules of Arabic grammar, the ancient grammarians relied on the principle of listening, especially the Quran and considered it as the most reliable of the four criteria.
Keywords: Linguistics argumentation, Deduction of rules, al-ijmaa, al-qiyaas and al-istishaab.